The Lipid Profile Test or the lipid panel test is a type of blood test that measures the level of triglycerides and cholesterol in your blood. The cholesterol test is used to determine your risk of developing cardiovascular ailments due to blocked or narrow arteries. In fact, a lipid profile test is an essential tool used widely by doctors to screen you for cardiovascular risk, certain genetic diseases, specific types of pancreatitis as well as other diseases. The lipid test is often ordered as a part of the physical examination to help your doctor come to a diagnosis. Doctors routinely prescribe lipid tests to people who have a predisposition to heart ailments due to sedentary lifestyles, hereditary causes, and so on.
As mentioned above, the lipid profile test consists of several tests. Read more about these tests: Complete Cholesterol Test - The complete cholesterol test is responsible for measuring the presence of four types of fats or lipids in your blood. These are High-density lipoprotein, Low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, and triglycerides. The test is often used to screen your risk of developing heart ailments. With affordable cholesterol test prices, you needn’t put your health on the back burner anymore. HDL Cholesterol - The HDL blood cholesterol test measures the level of high-density lipoproteins in your blood. Good cholesterol is also referred to as HDL. A higher HDL level indicates a lower risk of heart attack or stroke as well as a lower risk of developing plaques. LDL Cholesterol - The LDL cholesterol test measures the presence of low-density lipoproteins in your blood. Also referred to bad cholesterol, a high level indicates an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes due to the cholesterol build up in your arteries. LDL/HDL Ratio - The lipid profile test includes the LDL/HDL Ratio as well. This test offers you the ratio of the levels of bad cholesterol to good cholesterol in your blood. A higher ratio is an indicator of a higher risk of developing heart-related ailments. Doctors often advise increasing your HDL levels to help lower your LDL/HDL ratio to normal levels. Non-HDL Cholesterol - The Non-HDL cholesterol test is used to measure the total cholesterol level without including our HDL cholesterol. It is often used to get a better assessment of your current heart health. TC/HDL Cholesterol Ratio - The TC/HDL Cholesterol Ratio is the ratio of your Total Cholesterol level to the HDL level. A higher value indicates a greater risk of developing cardiovascular ailments. Every lipid profile test near me will offer you the TC/HDL Ratio. Triglycerides - This test measures the level of triglycerides present in your blood. Higher levels of triglycerides increase your risk of developing heart-related ailments. VLDL Cholesterol - VLDL is another type of bad cholesterol that causes build up along your artery walls. A higher level of VLDL cholesterol leads to a greater risk of cardiovascular ailments. HDL/LDL Ratio - This offers you the ratio of HDL cholesterol to LDL cholesterol in the body. Doctors use this along with the results of the other tests in the lipid profile to understand the state of your cardiovascular health better.
Adults and children who have a high risk of developing cardiovascular ailments are prescribed lipid profile tests as a part of their health examination routine. The lipid profile is used by the doctor to prevent, monitor as well as diagnose heart ailments. With sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy food becoming more of a norm, medical professionals advise having a lipid profile test done every five years once you cross the age of 18. You can get the test done easily by looking for a cholesterol test near me. You may need to get your lipid profile checked more frequently if you belong to one of the high-risk categories that include: Suffering from diabetes or pre-diabetic Physically inactive Obese Follow an unhealthy diet Smoke cigarettes regularly Female above 55 years and male above 45 years of age Suffering from hypertension Having pre-existing heart ailments Family history of heart ailments If your family has a medical history of early-onset cardiovascular ailments, the doctor may recommend a lipid profile test of the kids in the family when they are aged 9 to 11. The test will have to be repeated again when they cross 17 to monitor their cholesterol levels carefully.
The lipid profile test is often prescribed by the doctor in case the following dyslipidemia symptoms are exhibited: Difficulty in breathing Headache, Toothache, Jaw pain Hypertension General malaise Fullness, pain as well as squeezing sensation of the chest Arm pain (often in the left arm, but may also be right arm) Sweating Vomiting, Nausea, or general discomfort in the upper middle abdomen Upper back pain Heartburn Indigestion If you experience a combination of these symptoms, you need to search for a lipid profile test near me and meet a doctor as soon as possible.
The lipid profile test requires you to fast overnight for a minimum of twelve to fourteen hours. Although clear water may be consumed while you fast, you need to abstain from any beverages like tea, coffee, or milk in the morning till your blood sample is drawn for the lipid test. Some of the precautions for the night before you head for a lipid profile test include: No drinking alcohol No high-fat foods for dinner No strenuous exercise In case you are on any medication, you may have to consult with a cardiologist online about further precautions while heading out for the lipid test.
Cholesterol tests at home have become a reality these days. If you are not in a situation to visit a lab to get your lipid profile test done, worry not. A cholesterol test at home involves the following steps: Pick a reliable diagnostic centre that offers lipid profile tests near me. Choose a pack that meets your requirements and includes the lipid profile test. Schedule the test for a convenient time. Remember to fast the previous night of the scheduled test date. The staff from the diagnostic centre will collect your blood sample for cholesterol test at home at the chosen time slot. The reports of the lipid profile test will be emailed to you within 36 hours of sample collection. The blood sample required for the cholesterol test will be drawn from your vein, usually from your arms. With affordable cholesterol test prices, you can get your lipid profile test done from the comfort of your home.
There is little to no risk in getting your blood drawn for a blood cholesterol test. You may feel slightly sore or tender around the area where the blood sample was drawn from.
The lipid profile test measures cholesterol levels in milligrams of cholesterol per decilitre of blood. Once you receive the results of your lab tests at home, you can use the following guidelines to interpret it: Total Cholesterol Below 200 mg/dL Desirable 200-239 mg/dL Borderline high 240 mg/dL & above High LDL Cholesterol Below 70 mg/dL Preferred if you have coronary artery disease or have a history of heart attacks, stents, angina, or coronary bypass. Below 100 mg/dL Optimal if you are at risk of cardiovascular disease or have diabetes. Near-optimal if you have coronary artery disease and no other complications. 100-129 mg/dL Near-optimal if you do not have coronary artery disease and high if you have coronary artery disease. 130-159 mg/dL Borderline high if you don’t have coronary artery disease and high if you have coronary artery disease. 160-189 mg/dL High if you do not have coronary artery disease. Very high if you have coronary artery disease. 190 mg/dL and above Very high. HDL Cholesterol Below 40 mg/dL (men) Below 50 mg/dL (women) Poor 40-59 mg/dL (men) 50-59 mg/dL (women) Better 60 mg/dL & above Best Triglycerides Below 150 mg/dL Desirable 150-199 mg/dL Borderline high 200-499 mg/dL High 500 mg/dL & above Very high In case the lipid profile test results indicate that your cholesterol is high, it is time to make some lifestyle changes. If the levels are considerably high the doctor may probably place you on cholesterol-lowering medications to help you lower your cholesterol levels.